United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs

General Assembly Resolution 1963 (XVIII)
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RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

1963 (XVIII). International co-operation in the peaceful uses of outer space

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolution 1721 (XVI) of 20 December 1961 and 1802 (XVII) of 14 December 1962 on international co-operation in the peaceful uses of outer space,

Having considered the report submitted by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space,1

Mindful of the benefits which all Member States would enjoy by participation in international programmes of co-operation in this field,

 

I

1.    Recommends that consideration should be given to incorporating in international agreement form, in the future as appropriate, legal principles governing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space;

2.    Requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to continue to study and report on legal problems which may arise in the exploration and use of outer space, and in particular to arrange for the prompt preparation of draft international agreements on liability for damage caused by objects launched into outer space and on assistance to and return of astronauts and space vehicles;

3.    Further requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to report to the General Assembly at its nineteenth session on the results achieved in preparing these two agreements;

 

II

1.    Endorses the recommendations contained in the report of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space concerning exchange of information, encouragement of international programmes, international sounding rocket facilities, education and training and potentially harmful effects of space experiments;

2.    Welcomes the decision of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to undertake, in co-operation with the Secretary-General and making full use of the functions and resources of the Secretariat:

(a)    The preparation of a working paper on the activities and resources of the United Nations, the specialized agencies and other competent international bodies relating to the peaceful uses of outer space;

(b)    The preparation of a summary of national and of co-operative international space activities;

(c)    The preparation of a list of available bibliographic and abstracting services covering scientific and technical results and publications in space and space-related areas;

(d)    The compilation, in co-operation with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, of reviewing of information on facilities for education and training in basic subjects related to the peaceful uses of outer space in universities and other places of learning;

(e)    The establishment, at the request of the Government of India, of a group of six scientists to visit the sounding rocket launching facility at Thumba and to advise the Committee on its eligibility for United Nations sponsorship in accordance with the basic principles endorsed by the General Assembly in resolution 1802 (XVII);

3.    Notes with appreciation that, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 1721 (XVI), the Secretary-General is maintaining a public registry of objects launched into orbit or beyond on the basis of information being furnished by Member States;

4.    Notes with appreciation that certain Member States have, on a voluntary basis, provided information on their national space programmes and invites other Member States to do so;

5.    Invites Member States to give favourable consideration to requests of countries desirous of participating in the peaceful exploration of outer space for appropriate training and technical assistance on a bilateral basis or on any other basis they see fit;

6.    Notes the considerable measure of co-operation in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space under way among Member States;

7.    Notes that the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America have reached an agreement looking towards co-operation in the fields of satellite meteorology, communications and magnetic field mapping;

8.    Encourages Member States to continue and to extend co-operative arrangements so that all Member States can benefit from the peaceful exploration and use of outer space;

9.    Believes that international co-operation can be beneficial in furthering the exploration of the solar system;

 

III

1.    Notes with appreciation:

(a)    The second report of the World Meteorological Organization on the advancement of atmospheric sciences and their application in the light of developments in outer space;2

(b)    The organizational and financial steps taken by the Fourth Congress of the World Meteorological Organization in response to resolution 1721 C (XVI) and resolution 1802 (XVII), section III;

2.    Endorses efforts towards the establishment of a World Weather Watch under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization to include the use of satellite as well as conventional data, with data centres to facilitate the effectiveness of the system;

3.    Urges Member States:

(a)    To extend their national and regional meteorological efforts to implement the expanded programme of the World Meteorological Organization;

(b)    To co-operate in the establishment of the World Weather Watch;

(b)    To increase research and training in the atmospheric sciences;

4.    Invites the World Meteorological Organization to make a progress report to the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space in 1964 relating to its activities in this field;

 

IV

1.    Notes with appreciation the second report of the International Telecommunication Union on telecommunication and the peaceful uses of outer space;3

2.    Welcomes the decisions of the Extraordinary Administrative Radio Conference, held in October and November 1963 under the auspices of the International Telecommunication Union, on the allocation of frequency bands for space communication and procedures for their use as a step in the development of space radio communications;

3.    Invites the International Telecommunication Union to make a progress report to the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space in 1964 relating to its activities in this field;

4.    Recognizes the potential contribution of communications satellites in the expansion of global telecommunications facilities and the possibilities this offers for increasing the flow of information and for furthering the objectives of the United Nations and its agencies;

 

V

Requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to continue its work as set forth in General Assembly resolutions 1472 (XIV), 1721 (XVI) and 1802 (XVII), as well as in the present resolution, and to report to the Assembly at its nineteenth session on the activities of the Committee.

1280th plenary meeting,
13 December 1963

 

 

Notes

1.   Official Records of the General Assembly, Eighteenth Session, Annexes, agenda item 28, document A/5549 and Add.1.

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2.   E/3794 and Corr.1.

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3.   E/3370.

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