Recalling its resolution 1721 B (XVI) of 20 December 1961, in which it expressed the belief that the United Nations should provide a focal point for international co-operation in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space,
Convinced that the benefits deriving from space exploration can be extended to States at every level of economic and scientific development if Member States conduct their space programmes in a manner designed to promote the maximum international co-operation and participation, including the widest possible exchange of information in this field, and the expansion of international programmes for the practical application of space technology to development,
Welcoming the international co-operative effort, marked, inter alia, by the successful joint Apollo-Soyuz flight carried out by the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in July 1975,
2. Invites States which have not yet become parties to the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies,2 the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space,3 the Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects4 and the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space5 to give early consideration to signing and ratifying or acceding to those international agreements;
3. Notes with satisfaction that the Legal Sub-Committee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space has pursued its work and achieved progress on the draft treaty relating to the moon and the elaboration of principles governing the use by States of artificial earth satellites for direct television broadcasting with a view to concluding an international agreement or agreements and was able to begin the detailed consideration of remote sensing from space of the earth and to ascertain certain common elements in the three draft international instruments submitted to it as well as in the views expressed by Member States;
(b) Continue to consider the elaboration of principles governing the use by States of artificial earth satellites for direct television broadcasting with a view to concluding an international agreement or agreements in accordance with General Assembly resolutions 2916 (XXVII) of 9 November 1972 and 3234 (XXIX) of 12 November 1974;
(c) (i) Continue its detailed legal consideration of remote sensing from space of the earth � that is, of its natural resources and its natural environment - taking into account the various views of States expressed on the subject, including proposals for draft international instruments, and taking into account all relevant discussions, views and conclusions concerning organizational, economic and technical aspects of remote sensing in the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, including those contained in the report of its twelfth session,6 with a view to identifying further common elements among the views of States;
5. Notes with satisfaction that the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee examined the question of remote sensing of the earth from space and, as set out in paragraphs 27 and 28 of the report of its twelfth session, considered in detail the current pre-operational/experimental phase as well as a possible future global/international operational remote sensing system or systems;
6. Endorses the recommendation of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space that the Secretary-General should be requested to prepare for the consideration of the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee the further studies on organizational and financial matters relating to remote sensing activities from space mentioned in paragraph 32 of the report of the Committee;
7. Further endorses the recommendation that the Secretary-General should explore the feasibility of utilizing existing facilities and expertise to establish, on an experimental basis, an international centre for the training of personnel from developing countries in the effective use of remote sensing information and take other possible steps, as set out in paragraph 33 (a) of the report of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, as well as undertake an appropriate users� survey to obtain a clearer understanding of the real needs of the users and their stage of preparedness in this area of activity;
8. Requests the Secretary-General, in view of the increased burden of activity placed upon the Secretariat in responding to requests for studies, reports, surveys and experimental practical programmes, as well as the increased role in ensuring more effective interagency co-ordination, to take measures, if possible within his present resources, for the strengthening of the Outer Space Affairs Division of the Secretariat;
10. Requests the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee at its thirteenth session to undertake further detailed work on these and other matters in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, as set out in paragraph 53 of its report;
12. Recommends the continuing review of the space applications programme, so as to enable it to respond more effectively to the needs of the developing countries for assistance in the practical applications of space technology;
14. Requests the specialized agencies to provide the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space with progress reports on their work, including particular problems in the fields within their competence relating to the peaceful uses of outer space;
15. Reiterates its request to the World Meteorological Organization to pursue actively the implementation of its tropical cyclone project, while continuing and intensifying its other related action programmes, including the World Weather Watch and, especially, the efforts being undertaken towards obtaining basic meteorological data and discovering ways and means to mitigate the harmful effects of tropical storms and to remove or minimize their destructive potential, and looks forward to its report thereon in accordance with General Assembly resolutions 2914 (XXVII) of 19 November 1972, 3182 (XXVIII) of 18 December 1973 and 3234 (XXIX) of 12 November 1974;
16. Approves continuing sponsorship by the United Nations of the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in India and the CELPA Mar del Plata Station in Argentina and expresses its satisfaction at the work being carried out at those ranges in the peaceful and scientific exploration of outer space;
17. Notes the suggestion made by the Chairman of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space7 concerning a potential future role of the Committee in view of the prospective significance of the collection and transmission of solar energy through space technology;
18. Requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to continue its work, as set out in the present and previous resolutions of the General Assembly, and to report to the Assembly at its thirty-first session.
2409th plenary meeting,
18 November 1975
2. Resolution 2222 (XXI), annex.
3. Resolution 2345 (XXII), annex.
4. Resolution 2777 (XXVI), annex.
5. Resolution 3235 (XXIX), annex.
6. A/AC.105/150, paras. 15-29.
7. Official Records of the General Assembly, Thirtieth Session, Supplement No. 20 (A/10020), annex.